municipality is located in the south-eastern part of the Republic
of Bulgaria and it is included in the administrative territorial
boundaries of Burgas region. Rishki passage connects the municipality
with North Bulgaria. A part of Karnobat-Aitos Balkan is located
in the northern part of the territory.. Hisar hills raise
to the south of the town of Karnobat.
The municipal territory of Karnobat municipality is 806 sq.m.,
87.37% of which is an agricultural fund, 9.81% forest fund
and 2.82% “Residential areas” fund.
The Karnobat region, located in front of the south approaches
of the Rishki and Varbishki passes, features an ancient history,
dating as back as the Neolith era. Villages and tumuli reveal
traces of life from the neolith and Iron Age, rich settlement
life during the antiquity and Middle Ages. The town of Karnobat
was mentioned under different names in the documents from
the Turkish registers and travel notes: Karinovassa. Karinabad,
the foundation of the Bulgarian state in 681, because of its exceptional
role, the lands of the Karnobat region were field of many battles
between Bulgaria and Byzantium. Markeli fortress, a south Episcopal
and military center, located 7,5 km west of Karnobat, has been the
most significant place of interest since the times of the First
Bulgarian Kingdom. During the Ottoman rules, the town was an important
administrative and trade center included in the Silistra district.
The fact that the Bulgarian priest Stoiko Vladislavov (known as
Sofronii Vrachanski, one of the prominent men of the Bulgarian national
revival) performed the service in Karnobat parish is indicative
of the revival processes that took place in the region from 1791
During the Renaissance
Karnobat became the rallying point for cultural and educational
development of the region. St. Yoan Theologian Church was built
in 1838. Razvitie Reading Club (now St. Kiril i Metodii Reading
Club) one of the first reading clubs in South-Eastern Bulgaria
was established in 1862 and a non-clerical school was opened in
The town had a
significant contribution to the religious struggles during the
Renaissance - in the 19th century the active and public-spirited
citizens of Karnobat expelled the bishop of Anhialo and in this
way they completely eliminated the Greek influence.
During the Russian-Turkish
war (1877-1878) the region became a victim of outrageous bashi-bazouks
of Karnobat on 24, January 1878 gave grounds for huge social and
economic reforms. The town strengthened its positions as a cultural
and educational center. About 22 periodicals reflect its new appearance.
The total territory
of Karnobat municipality is 806 sq.m. Its earth formations are
mainly flat. Karnobat-Aytos mountain merges into Karnobat valley.
To the south of the town of Karnobat raise Hisar hills. The valley
of Mochuritsa river represents accumulative type of earth formations.
In the whole municipality
the terrain is easily approachable. Rishki passage connects the
municipality with North Bulgaria. The average above sea level
height is174 m.
territory of Karnobat municipality is within the transitional continental
climatic region. The climate is under the influence of the oceanic
air masses, which come from west and north-west and the continental
ones from north-east. The terrain conditions and the closeness with
the Black sea are additional factors, which influence the climatic
elements. The air annual average temperature (11.4°Ñ)
and the average monthly temperature in January (0.1°Ñ)
determine the climate of the region as a mild one.
types of soils are widespread in the municipality.
leached soils survive on flat and slightly drained surfaces. They
are with crumbled structure. They are distinguished with high mineral
content, significant wetting ability and unfavourable physical and
mechanical properties. Although they are rich of soil nutrients
for improving the nourishing regime they need fertilizing with organic
and mineral composts. They are the most spread soils in the municipality.
They are suitable for cultivation of all types of agricultural cultures.
are leached maroon soils in the region of the town of Karnobat.
The structure of the upper layer is very dusty, but it is comparatively
good. It becomes worse in the lower layers. Water permeability is
law and the nutrients are limited, which necessitates a huge mixed
nitric and phosphoric burning. These soils are suitable mainly for
are alluvial soils along Mochuritsa river valley. They have favourable
physical and mechanical properties, water and thermal conditions
and upper layer waters. They are suitable for cultivation of almost
all types of vegetable, alfalfa, beetroot and others.
municipality is poor of mineral resources. Quarries for construction
materials with local and regional importance are found:
Sands - the quarry
is to the north of Tserovski artificial lake, almost immediately
by the river-bank at about 2-3km. southeast of the village of Venets.
The productive layer is formed by Pliocene materials. The terrain
is occupied with fields.
Peat - it is in the
bog territory at about 1 km. south-west of the village of Venets,
with an area about 6 sq .m. till now the deposits are not explored
Clays - there is
a clay layer under the peat. Two other deposits are found near the
town of Karnobat. The first quarry deposits are calculated to 4
million cubic meters and the annual extraction - 80 thousand cubic
meters. The other quarry is with capacity of 432 thousand cubic
meters and annual extraction - 40 thousand cubic meters.
territory is drained by Mochuritsa river, which flows into Tundzha
river and its length is 85.9 km, and Rusokastrenska river, which
flows into Mandrensko lake.
surface flow is formed by rainfalls and to a small extent by snow
thawing. Due to the frequent and long summer drains and the high
vapours during this period the small streams get dry and the bigger
rivers reduce extremely their quantities.
are constructed artificial lakes and micro-lakes with average area
50-80 decares on many of the feeders. They are used for watering.
underground waters which have more constant debit are important
for the water supply of the municipality. The lithological structure
and the conditions of the occurrence of the separate types of rocks
have determined the formation of primed and leaked waters. All river
ledges along the rivers in the municipality are classified as primed
waters. The leaked waters are bound to separate cracks in the rock
types. They are used for supply of drinking water.
for the necessities of water supply have been made for almost all
biggest prognosticated quantities show the data for the water basin
in the village of Asparuhovo and the village of Smolnik - 15 l/sec.
The determined water quantities of underground waters on the territory
of the municipality are sufficient for the fulfillment of its demands.
The shortage is provided by water economy system "Kamchiya
lake" - 200 l/sec
the flora the territory is classified to the Thracian forest vegetation
region, which includes mountain hills and lower lands - to the south
of the Balkan.
forest tree vegetation is compounded of deciduous leaf falling forests
- homogeneous and mixed forests of cerris-oak, oak-tree, hornbeam.
Mixed cultivation of ash-tree, elm-tree, common hornbeam, cerris
oak, maple and along with them willow, poplar and others are spread
along the inlet areas and the riverside lands of the rivers and
the streams. There are mixed forests along the hill earth formations
and the strongly segmented hill slopes with maroon forest soils.
Wide spread among the bushes are sumach, thorn, hawthorn, cornet-tree
the field region the natural forest vegetation is substituted by
an agricultural one. Many herbs that have application in the pharmaceutics
are spread in the mountain as well as in the field region along
with various forest and culture vegetation. All over the region
there are wild briar, hawthorn, nettle, dandelion, blackthorn, common
balm, plantain, chamomile, white milfoil, peppermint, thyme, marjoram,
primrose, St. John's wort, lime-tree, walnut-tree.
edible boletus and the chanterelle are important for the mushroom-growing.
low, Karnobat mountain has a rich fauna variety. Here there are:
from the mammals
- deer, wild boar, jackal, wild duck, badger, polecat, rabbit and
from the rodents
- squirrel, hamster, dormouse and others .
from the birds -
hawk, falcon, hawk, quail, woodcock, turtle-dove, pigeon, owlets
(species under protection) and others.
from the reptiles
- tortoise (species under protection), lizards, viper, motley grass-snake
In the spring and
winter period in the region there is a different kind of game -snipes,
wild ducks, rarely geese.
The hunting fauna
is represented by small game and has a local significance. The total
hunting area is 57 700 ha. Its is managed by Association of Hunting
and Fishing - Karnobat.
The fishing is concentrated
mainly along Mochuritsa river. In it there is barbell, chub, gudgeon.
The artificial water basins are planted with carps.
gifts, places and areas under protection
At about 15-16 km. south from Karnobat, Straldzha bog is situated
between Straldzha and the villages of Antolovo, Lozenets, Venets
and Devetnitsi. In the beginning of XX century it is the biggest
lake in Bulgaria. Different waders - the swan and the whooping swan,
the big egret, goose and others find favourable conditions of life
in Straldzha bog. Most of the species are included into the Red
book of Bulgaria for rare and protected from vanishing species.
Due to the complete
crises in the economics of the country in the reform period and
the loss of some traditional markets in the East European countries,
the company production activity shows decrease tendencies. Production
capacities are explored no more than 50%.
In the sector "Trade"
the competition has increased. The places of commerce have increased
from 301 in 1997 to 398 in 1998, in the public sector there is
a certain decrease from 32 to 20, and in the private - an increase
from 269 to 378.
is not significant for the municipality. There is a municipal
company which is at a loss of its activity The other construction
companies have an insignificant share.
The services are
with a stable tendency of existence and stability considering
the abilities of the tradesmen. There is a certain decline in
the demand for sewing services.
structure of continuity is connected to a certain degree with
agricultural production not only in the municipality but in the
whole region as well. Regarding this the following enterprises
should be mentioned: SLTD “Zarno”/Brain/ ( the ex-mill
factory), SLTD “Karnobatplod” (Karnobat fruit) (the
ex canning factory “G. Hardalov”), “Karnota”
LTD (the ex packing-house “Rodopa”), “Remont-serviz”
/Repairing-service/ SLTD (the ex repairing factory "Bolgar”),
Company “Textile” SLTD (ex “Textile”),
“SEM-ÊÀR-IT” LTD ( the ex enterprise
“Sortovi semena” / "Sowing Seeds"), The
factory for agricultural equipment - now Commercial association
“ÊÀÌÒ” ( the ex factory
“Karnobat commune”), company “Laktis”
In 1981 an enterprise
"Centre for agrarian chemical service" - the town of
Karnobat, which since 1990 functions as a State company "Himagroshtit"
has been established for the municipal agricultural necessities.
It provides complex services for crops protection and fertilizing,
consulting activity, repair and maintenance of agricultural equipment,
commercial activity in the country and abroad.
The production funds
in Karnobat municipality are not equally devided in the residential
area net. The main economic potential, production, wharehouse
and other funds are located in the town of Karnobat and its production
The total area of
production and warehouse zone is 145.16 ha.17 industrial enterprises,
4 enterprises of the sector "Construction", 2 transport
enterprises, 8 comercial and warehouse enterprises, 4 enterprises
of sector "Agriculture" and 6 enterprises of another
character are located there. Several commercial and warehouse
enterprises are located out of the production zone.
defining branches of the industry are the machine construction
and food, wine and tobacco industry. Nevertheless that the sewing
industry is represented only by one enterprise “Karina”PLC.
It takes a significant place in the economic structure of the
town and municipality..
for development are mainly connected with the presence of free
production capacities with technological equipment of modern type
and highly qualified labour capacity.
fortress, a medieval Christian complex
first information for Karnobat was written in 1153 and included
in The Geography by Al Idrisi - an Arabian traveler and scientist.
The historical sources show that since the 19th century up to present
days the town has always been an administrative, economic and commercial
centre with a traditional yearly fair.
chief expert - programs and development
12, Bld. Bulgaria
- (0559) 2-28-03, 2-28-73;
- (0559) 71-65
Internet - http://karnobat.acstre.com