The town Rousse is
the biggest Bulgarian city on the river Danube. The town is situated
in south East Part of the Republic Bulgaria and at about 300km away
from the Capital. Municipality Rousse included the following villiges:
Rousse, village Marten, village Nikolovo, village Sandrovo, village
Basarbovo, village Tetovo, village Thervena voda, village Novo selo,
village Semerdhzievo, village Prosena, village Hotanza, village
Dolno Ablanovo and village Yastrebovo.
Population till end of 2004: 183 344 residents
Densety of population per square kilometer: 345,5
Rousse is an ancient Bulgarian borough and a port on the Danube
River. People settled here in ancient times since the river provided
a living. As seen on the prehistoric settlement hill, the people
in that earliest period lived in a place with clearly distinguished
residential and public buildings, streets and neighbourhoods. The
clay idols worshiped as guardians of life that have been found during
excavations are now kept in the museum.
The castle and
the fleet station called Sexsaginta Prista were built under the
Roman Emperor Vespasianus (69 - 79 A.D.)
The castle was
on the main road from where Belgrade is today to the delta of
the Danube River. As the milestones that were once at the exits
of Sexsaginta Prista indicate, that was the starting point of
roads to the towns of Nove (Svishtov), Martianopolis (Devnya),
Odesos (Varna) and Nicopolis ad Istrum (near the village of Nikyup,
district Veliko Tarnovo).
show three versions of the name of the castle: Sexsaginta Prista,
Sexsanta Prista or just Prista. The root of the first part of
the name is the Latin numeral sexsaginta, which translates as
“sixty”. The second part comes from Greek (prista,
pristis) and means a kind of an ancient speedy battle ship with
oars. It is supposed that there were 60 berths in Prista, hence
the name of the castle: the port town for sixty ships.
Felix Kaniz, an
Austrian-Hungarian scholar, was the first one who identified Rousse
of today with the ancient castle of Sexsaginta Prista. The Skorpil
brothers were the first ones to make archaeological excavations.
They described the castle, investigated some burial places, collected
coins and items used in the day-to-day life and published some
of the inscriptions they had found.
No systematic excavations
have been made on the site where the castle used to be. However,
some rescue excavations have been made on spots jeopardised by
modern city development. It is through them that the northeastern
battle tower, a part of the northern wall and the remains of four
buildings have been investigated. The tower is rectangle, its
inner sizes 4,00 x 3,80 m and its walls 2,70 m thick. 50 m of
the northern wall are preserved. Its width is between 2,75 and
An official inscription
dated to the reign of Diocletianus (298-299) announces that the
fort was restored as a praesidium (a large garrison settlement)
after it was ruined by the raids of the Goths (250 A.D).
shared the doom of the rest of the forts on the right bank of
the Lower Danube. It was destructed by Avars and Slavs in the
late 6th and early 7th century. At a later time, in 9th-10th century,
its ruins served as the foundations of a medieval Bulgarian borough
called Rousse. In the course of time it became a fort on the Danube
River and resumed its guarding functions. The archaeological finds
dated to the First Bulgarian Kingdom provide evidences of the
existence of that Bulgarian fort and settlement.
In the heathen
period (till the mid 9th century) the settlement was called Rousse
on the name of a feast called Roussalii. Researchers say that
there was a cult to Maiden Roussa who was believed to protect
young men in battle units.
is a major centre for transport. Two of the Pan European routes
have their crossing point here: Corridor 7 and Corridor 9. The Danube
waterway was connected in 1992 to the Main River and the Rhine River
via the Europe Canal. Thus, Corridor 7 from Rotterdam to Thessalonica
is the key axis of European inland waterways. Corridor 9 links North,
Middle and East Europe to the Aegean Sea via Danube Bridge at Rousse
and Giurgiu. To finalize that corridor, the railway line from Rousse
to Podkova needs to be extended via the border with Greece to Komotini,
and the motorway needs to be extended to Porto Lago likewise. The
project for a tunnel under the Shipka Pass is on that corridor.
is a strategic northern gate to Bulgaria as via the Danube River
the country is open to Central and West Europe. Hence it is the
biggest Bulgarian river port. In terms of cargo turnover, in better
times it ranked from the sixth to the third busiest port among the
principal ports of the other countries on the Danube alongside with
Reni, Galati, Izmail, Budapest and Linz. Rousse Port Complex embraces
port Rousse-West; port Rousse-East and the ports of Svishtov, Somovit,
Tutrakan and Silistra.
headquarters of the Bulgarian River Shipping Company are in Rousse.
It was established in 1935 when the first passenger line Rousse-Vidin-Rousse
was launched, with the reconstructed steamers the Iskar, the Vit
and the Osam. Originally, river passenger transport was a division
within the National Bulgarian Railway Company. It was only on 30
May 1940 when it became an independent shipping company. It received
four cargo ships with refrigerator units built in Regensburg –
the Rousse, the Vidin, the Lom and the Svishtov, plus a ferryboat,
the Sofia, built in Walsum am Rhine for a railway connection between
Bulgaria and Romania, and three passenger ships built in Budapest
that were very sophisticated for that time: the Tsar Boris III,
the Tsarina Joanna and the Prince Simeon.
substantial number of pushers, tugboats and barges were procured
after the end of World War Two. However, it turned out that those
manned and unmanned barges, tankers, ferryboats, hydro buses, high
speed hydro gliders were not cost-effective on the Danube River.
While over 1 million passengers were transported on the river in
1956, the local passenger shipping was getting inefficient and it
was finally stopped in 1992. Unlike the rest of the countries on
the Danube, which procure new modern ships and Danube River shipping
makes rapid progress there, Bulgaria experiences just the opposite
processes. The country used to have 19 river ports, most of them
on the routes of Rousse-Vidin-Rousse, Rousse-Svishtov-Rousse and
to the post-World War One period when Bulgaria had the smallest
fleet on the Danube River, after World War Two it organised a big
fleet that provides cargo traffic to any port on the Danube, from
Germany to the Ukraine. Any of the four catamarans named after Bulgarian
khans transported 49 lorries per run from Vidin to Linz and Passau
International Shipping Company with headquarters in Budapest used
to provide river-sea-river liner services from ports on the Danube
River to Bombay, Calcutta, Singapore and the Mekong River in Vietnam.
It is a joint venture of the shipping companies of Hungary, Slovakia,
Bulgaria and the Ukraine. A ferryboat operates between Rousse and
port Reni in the Ukraine.
Industrial Park Rousse - Layout
AREA: 63.87 ha
OWNERSHIP: 100% of Municipality of Rousse (Title Deed - 4390/11.04.05)
MASTER DEVELOPMENT PLAN: available
GEOTECHNICAL SURVEY: available
Gas Supply Line (Pressure 0.6 MPa, Pipes o110x6.6 mm and o250x14.8
Telecommunications (24 optic fibre cable)
Power Supply Line (110/20 kVa)
Water Supply Line (Capacity 30 L/s, Hydrants on each 100 m)